Artículo

Comunicación y turismo sostenible. La emergencia de la innovación durante la tarea de diseño

Arlette Bouzon, Jesús Bermejo Berros

Resumen


El desarrollo sostenible y la responsabilidad social se han convertido en requisitos de la política global de la empresa, al objeto de preservar el entorno, incluso en el sector turístico. Esta evolución implica profundas modificaciones en las actitudes y comportamientos de las empresas. La innovación es un factor clave para satisfacer a los clientes en esos mercados cada vez más globalizados y, al mismo tiempo, segmentados. En numerosos estudios anteriores se ha insistido en la influencia sobre la innovación de algunos factores como la introducción de las TICs. Sin embargo, hasta ahora, pocos trabajos han abordado el análisis del papel de la dimensión comunicacional en la emergencia de la innovación en el proceso de diseño turístico. Tomando como antecedente una investigación de varios años, en varias empresas del sector turístico, en la que se ha utilizado una metodología de toma de decisión en situación (Naturalistic Decision Making), se presenta una reflexión teórica de cuyos argumentos se desprende la necesidad de incluir, en los procesos innovadores de diseño turístico, la dimensión comunicacional. La primera parte del artículo se centra en la aparición de la innovación en el seno de las estructuras de proyecto e intenta aprehender el lugar que ocupa la comunicación en el proceso de diseño. La segunda parte se interesa por la toma de decisión en esos mismos procesos. La conclusión plantea que la toma en consideración de la dimensión comunicacional es garantía de éxito en el proceso de innovación en el campo turístico, dadas las complejas interacciones en el tiempo entre los agentes que intervienen en el diseño.

 


Palabras clave


Innovación; diseño; turismo; emergencia; decisión en situación; comunicación.

Citas


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